Book Review & Reflection: “How Languages are Learned” by Lightbown and Spada

How Languages Are Learned by Patsy M. Lightbown and Nina Spada is probably one of the best-known books that gives an overview of the research on language acquisition. Its latest edition—the fourth edition—was published in 2013, so it combines information about some of the early, foundational research studies on language acquisition along with some more …

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Singular “They” & Latinx: Talking to Students About Gender-Inclusive Language

I try to use gender-inclusive language when possible in my own speech (though I'm definitely still working on it!), but, until recently, I had never talked with my students very directly about the topic or taught an entire lesson about it. Over the last couple of years, I’ve been more intentional about using gender-inclusive language …

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Calendar Talk with Adult ESL Students

Do you remember when you were in elementary school and you got to sit down on the floor with your classmates and gather around your teacher while they talked to you about the calendar and dates? Photo from Wikimedia Commons That's what Calendar Talk is based on, but it's adapted to the cognitive level of …

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